Ecosystems typically act as gateways, reducing friction as customers switch across related services. Facebook Messenger, for example, enables users to shop, check into a hotel, message a friend, read the news, and chat with a doctor—all through a single interface. Users need not toggle between portals, manage separate log-ins, or spend mental energy maintaining multiple services.
Currently, insurers act primarily as risk aggregators. They have a passive and limited relationship with customers, which increases their exposure to disintermediation, disaggregation, commoditization, and invisibility. If insurers were to lose their distribution and customer relationships, they would be left with few options to reinvent their business models.
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